With the rapid economic development of modern cities, the continuous improvement of people’s living standards has forced the pressure of work and life to increase. In addition to anxiety and a sense of oppression, a green space away from the hustle and bustle of the city is often needed to release depression. Therefore, open outdoor landscape lighting is more and more popular. In landscape design, the design of outdoor landscape lighting is a very important branch. Outdoor landscape lighting design has become an integral part of urban planning and design. Therefore, it is very necessary for the scientific, standardized, and humanized design of outdoor landscape lighting.
In fact, outdoor landscape lighting is what we often hear about outdoor lighting, which is the same intent. This is the night lighting effect that we often see. Outdoor landscape lighting is actually part of the lighting. Because there are many outdoor areas, such as lighting for hotels, lighting for restaurants, lighting for shopping malls, lighting for pedestrian streets, lighting for gardens, and waterscapes. Lighting, as well as lighting for villas, etc., are all outdoor lighting.
So, what exactly should we pay attention to when doing lighting, and how should we follow that mainline in the design process?
1. The unity of whole and part, part and individual
Every outdoor landscape lighting project in the city is a part of the overall urban lighting. It must not only reflect the characteristics of the local area but also meet the requirements of the overall urban lighting plan. In a local area, the lighting of each building (structure) or node must be coordinated with the style and form of the area's landscape lighting while showing its own characteristics. Therefore, in the process of outdoor landscape lighting design, it is necessary to determine the positioning and style of landscape lighting projects from different spatial scale modes, not only considering the impact of the surrounding environment on the project but also considering the impact on the surrounding environment and the overall night of the city after the project is completed. The impact of the landscape; not only consider the needs of the current construction but also have a certain degree of foresight to meet the needs of sustainable development in the future.
2. The unity of artistry and technology
Outdoor landscape lighting should consider the effects of light viewing at different distances and different angles, and show the respective characteristics of each project at night, while not destroying the effect of the daytime landscape, in terms of the reliability of installation, the convenience of maintenance, and the safety of operation The above should be fully considered. We often see such failures. Some huge lamps and exposed pipelines installed on pavilions, towers, pavilions or similar buildings (structures) have almost destroyed the beauty of the original buildings; some of the lighting fixtures The projection angle and installation position are unreasonable, which increases the difficulty of installation, inconvenient maintenance, and even threatens the safety of tourists and pedestrians. The brackets on some high-altitude walls are severely corroded, and the pipelines are sloshing outside the curtain wall glass, causing hot cast light The lamp glass is close at hand. These phenomena can be avoided through careful design at the design level while ensuring the artistic effects of lighting. Only through light and lighting effects can the vivid image of landscape lighting art be reflected. Lighting can not only change the appearance of the urban environment, but also reflect the harmonious landscape of the combination of dynamic and static through the light and color artistry of practical lighting fixtures, and embellish the night view of the entire city. Through the careful and meticulous design of landscape lighting to highlight the expressiveness of art, and then achieve the artistic effect of landscape lighting design.
3. The unity of lighting effect and humanistic care
Outdoor landscape lighting is to meet the needs of visitors to enjoy the landscape at night. Therefore, it is necessary to emphasize people-oriented, providing people with a quiet and comfortable lighting environment and a safelight environment. In the design, the lighting design effect can be achieved by reasonable setting of the lamp position, selection of light-cutting lamps, adding shading plates and grilles, and avoiding light pollution and hidden dangers in safety.
4. Unification of technology and economy
In terms of design, outdoor landscape lighting projects should maximize the use of technologies, materials, and products that meet the conditions of green lighting. For example, LED lamps, solar lamps, energy-saving lamps, ceramic metal halide lamps, etc. are all new light sources with long life, high energy efficiency, and good stability. The requirements for energy conservation should be met from the source, and the efficiency of the lighting system should be improved through various methods (such as the use of electronic ballasts, capacitor compensation, etc.). Make full use of natural light and adopt effective power distribution schemes and control methods to facilitate reasonable maintenance and management of lighting facilities and reduce lighting energy consumption to a minimum. In the layout of the lighting system, wiring, and lamp installation, human safety, fire prevention, anti-theft, and convenient maintenance should be fully considered. At the same time, the principle of cost-effectiveness should be used and the economy of investment should be considered. In the control of the light switch, it is necessary to implement regular automatic control, set different scene modes on weekdays, weekends, holidays, etc.; in special circumstances, the time and range of light switch can also be adjusted flexibly. For example, intelligent control methods such as light control, time control, program control, etc., and have manual control functions. Using computer network technology to realize the monitoring and management of each subsystem, realize the flexible control of lighting combination changes and illuminance changes, and strive to reduce power consumption. Through real-time detection of operating conditions, faults can be found and eliminated in time, the labor intensity of maintenance is reduced, and work efficiency is improved, which has good social and economic benefits.
The above are the 4 kinds of lighting design considerations I have compiled for you. Remember: reasonable lighting and intelligent design are the most important. Don't pollute the environment and waste resources.